Bustards Otididae (2)
(Banner Photos: Little Bustard by Mike Grimes)
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax
1883 Youghal Bay, 14th November, now at National Museum, Dublin. H.
F. Allin, Field 8th Dec., 1883: 799
Distribution: It has two widely separated breeding populations. In its eastern range it occurs in Russia (9,000 displaying males), Georgia (60 non-breeding individuals)6, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan (c.20,000 individuals), Ukraine (100-110 individuals1), north-west China, northern Iran and Turkey (20-100 pairs2). Its western range covers Spain (43,000-71,700 individuals6, including 20,000-25,000 males5, down from 100,000-200,000 males in the 1990s) and Portugal (c.17,500 displaying males6), with smaller populations in Italy (1,515-2,220 individuals6), France (1,487-1,677 displaying males in 20045) and Morocco. Eastern populations winter from Turkey and the Caucasus to Iran, and erratically elsewhere in south Asia, with Azerbaijan holding the main wintering quarters (over 150,000 individuals in 2005-20067)6. Western populations winter in the Mediterranean zone, with the Iberian peninsula holding the most important wintering quarters (a minimum of 16,429-35-929 and 11,200 individuals in Spain and Portugal, respectively). (Birdlife International)
Great Bustard Otis tarda
1925 Castletown Bere, female, shot, 9th December, now at National Museum, Dublin. W. E. J. Williams, Irish Naturalists' Journal 1: 92
Distribution: Breeds in Morocco (c.150 birds6), Portugal (1,435
birds1), Spain (23,055-25,000 birds1,7,8), Austria, Germany, Slovakia,
Hungary (1,100-1,300 birds), Bulgaria, Romania (nearly extirpated),
Moldova, Turkey (800-3,000 birds), Iran, Russia (8,000 birds3), Ukraine,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Mongolia (1,000 birds),
and China (2,250-3,300 birds4); and a reintroduction scheme is currently
taking place in the United Kingdom.