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Finches Fringillidae (15)

(Banner Photos: Goldfinch (bove) and Chaffinch (below) by Jim Wilson)

Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Common resident, passage migrant & winter visitor. Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Scarce passage migrant & winter visitor. More numerous in some years. Winter Distribution

Dustribution: a widespread breeder in Fennoscandia and northern Russia,
but also occurs very patchily farther south, with Europe accounting for less than half
of its global range.

Serin Serinus serinus
Rare vagrant.
Seven county records up to the end of 2014.

2013 Mizen Head, one on the 4th October.
2005 Sherkin Island, one on the 5th November.
2002 Cape Clear Island, a first-winter male from the 27th October to the 1st November.
1988 Cape Clear Island, one on the 11th October.
1979 Galley Head, one on the 2nd October.
1975 Cape Clear Island, one from the 11th to the 12th November.
1947 Fermoy, one heard singing during May.

Distribution: a widespread breeder across most of Europe (except for the north
and east), which constitutes >75% of its global range. Does not currently breed in Ireland or the UK.

Greenfinch Carduelis chloris
Common resident & autumn migrant. Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Common resident & autumn migrant. Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Siskin Carduelis spinus
Common resident, autumn migrant & winter visitor. Appears to be moderately irruptive, with large flocks seen in some years.
Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Linnet Carduelis cannabina
Common resident, autumn migrant & winter visitor. Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Twite Carduelis flavirostris
Occasional passage migrant & rare winter visitor.

This species was formerly more abundant in the county, with breeding taking place in west Cork and birds regular in winter at sites such as Ballycotton.

Redpoll Carduelis flammea
Locally common resident, common passage migrant & winter visitor.
Races other than ‘C. flammea’ are rare vagrants. Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Mealy Redpoll Carduelis flammea flammea

Awaiting information.

Greenland Redpoll Carduelis flammea rostrata

Awaiting Information.

Arctic/Hoary Redpoll Carduelis hornemanni
Rare vagrant.
Two county record upto the end of 2014.

2011 Dursey Island, 1st/2nd May showing characteristics of elixipes race.
99 Dursey Island, 4th to 10th October. This is the first Irish record.

Distribution: resident in Greenland, northern Fennoscandia and arctic
Russia, with Europe accounting for less than half of its global range. (Birdlife International)

Two-barred Crossbill Loxia leucoptera bifasciata
Rare vagrant.
One County Record upto the end of 2014.

2008 Baltimore, juvenile, 28th September.(awaiting comfirmatin by IRBC)

Distribution: a widespread resident in the boreal zone of Russia and
Fennoscandia, with Europe accounting for less than a quarter of its global range. (Birdlife International)

Crossbill Loxia curvirostra
Irruptive passage migrant, summer and winter visitor. Widespread arrivals in some years, following which birds may reside in an area and even breed. Numbers then decline and the species becomes quite scarce until the next irruption.
Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus
Very scarce passage migrant.

125 records involving 135 birds in the county up to the end of 2014 since first recorded on Cape Clear in October 1971.
15 recorded in 2011.

Usually seen singly but up to four have been seen together (Cape Clear Island, September/October 2001).

Birds have been seen at the following locatoins: Ballinacarraige (West Beara), Cape Clear Island (most records), Dursey Head, Firkeel, Garinish, Mizen Head, Old Head of Kinsale, Red Strand (near Galley Head), Sherkin Island,
Three Castles Head, Toe Head.

All records between May and November with most seen during September and October.

Distribution: a widespread summer visitor to most of northern Europe,
occurring more patchily farther south, with Europe accounting for less than a quarter
of its global breeding range. (Birdlife International)

Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
Uncommon resident, widespread but never numerous. The ‘northern’ race may be a rare vagrant?
Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Rare passage migrant. Most records from west Cork.

46 records involving 60 birds up to the end of 2014 - At least seven birds up to 1920, 22 birds between 1969 and 2004. A minimum of 26 were seen during 2005.

Birds were seen at the following locations: Ardrum, Ballinacarraige (West Beara), Ballydehob, Baltimore, Cape Clear Island, Castletownshend, Cittadella (1 mile from Cork), Dursey Island, Firkeel, Fountainstown, Garinish, Goleen, Kilcolman NNR,
Mizen Head, Old Head of Kinsale, Roancarrig Lighthouse, Youghal, Three Castles Head.

All seen in October apart from singles recorded in Januray, May, August, September and November .

Distribution: a widespread breeder across much of Europe, which
accounts for less than half of its global breeding range. Does not currently breed in Ireland.
(Birdlife International)