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Rails, Crakes and Coots Rallidae (8)

(Banner Photo: Coot (above) by Mark Carmody and Moorhen (below) by Jim Wilson)

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
Widespread if uncommon resident breeding species, passage migrant and winter visitor.
Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Spotted Crake Pardirallus maculates
Rare passage migrant, most records in autumn.
17 county records, all single birds, up to the end of 2014.

2014 Clogheen Marsh, one calling on three nights between 4th and 6th May.
2004 Owenahincha , one found injured, 28th October, died on the 29th October.
2002 Inchydoney, a juvenile on the 24th August.
1990 Lough Beg, one from the 26th August to the 10th September.
1988 Kilcolman NNR, one from the 2nd to the 3rd June.
1983 Ballycotton, an adult from the 25th to the 31st August (trapped)
1982 Ballycotton, one on the 22nd September.
1975 Cape Clear Island, an adult from the 8th to the 9th October.
1967 Cape Clear Island, one on the 10th September.
1959 Cape Clear Island, one from the 9th to the 15th October.
1949 Fastnet, one killed at light on the 28th August.
1900 – 1954, additional one between 1900 and 1954 (Kennedy, Ruttledge & Scroope:130)
19th Century Clay Castle, Youghal, one shot, no date (Thompson II:320)
19th Century Spotted Crake 2 shot, 2 or 3 instances (Thompson II:320)
19th Century 4 more records up to 1900 (Ussher & Warren:238)
1895 Fastnet, one killed on the 20th August. Ussher & Warren:239
1843 Clay Castle, Youghal 1 shot after October (Thompson II:320)

Distribution: scattered thinly across much of Europe, which constitutes >50%
of its global breeding range. (Birdlife International)

Little Crake Porzana parva
Awaiting clarification.

Distribution: a widespread but patchily distributed summer visitor to Europe, mainly central and east, which
constitutes >75% of its global breeding range. (Birdlife International)

Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla
Rare vagrant.
One county record up to the end of 2014.

1845 Clay Castle, near Youghal, obtained, 30th October. W. Thompson, Zoologist 1847. This is the first Irish Record.

Distribution: a widespread but patchily distributed summer visitor to much of
southern and eastern Europe, which accounts for less than a quarter of its global
breeding range. (Birdlife International)

Corncrake Crex crex
This formerly common breeding species continues to decline nationally, and is now a rare passage migrant in Cork.
Summer Distribution 1968-72 Summer Distribution 2007-11

Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Common resident. Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Coot Fulica atra
Uncommon breeding species, common if somewhat localised in winter, mostly in the east of the county.
Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

American Coot Fulica americana
Rare vagrant.
One county record up to the end of 2014.

1981 Ballycotton, 7th February to 4th April. This is the first Irish Record.

Distribution: Resident mainly in western, central and parts of southern North America, migratory further north with those wintering in southern North America and Central America. (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)