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Surface Feeding Ducks Anatini (13)

(Banner Photo: Mallard (above) and Wigeon (nelwo) by Jim Wilson)

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Rare vagrant. This species is regularly found in captivity, with many migratory feral populations on the near continent. Records probably do not refer to genuinely wild birds. The species remains on Category D of the Irish list.

Eight records involving 17 birds; up to the end of 2014. Only 13 birds to 1946 are considered wild (details below)..

1946 Whitegate Bay, a semi albinistic individual shot on the 30th January.
1892 Cobh Harbour, three, including one female shot, 4th August.
1886 Banteer, three, one shot, on the 16th July.
1886 Kinsale, six on the 26th June, six seen, one shot.

Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Common throughout the region, breeding in small numbers in many areas. Large winter flocks are found mainly in the Cork Harbour area. Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Common winter visitor, very scarce in summer. Not known to breed. Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Distribution: breeds in northern Europe, and winters in coastal areas of the Mediterranean, the Black Sea and north-west Europe, which together probably hold >50% of its global population. Rare and sporadic breeder in Ireland. (Birdlife International)

American Wigeon Anas americana
Very scarce winter visitor, rarely in small groups.

58 records involving 34 birds up to the end of 2014, many returning individuals. Records are mostly of males, probably due to the difficulty of identifying females.

Recorded at the following locations: Adrigole, Ballintubbrid, Ballycotton, Ballymacoda, Carrigadrohid, Charleville Lagoons, Cuskinny, Dooniskey (The Gearagh), Douglas Estuary, harper's Island, Inchydoney, Kilcolman NNR, Lee Reservoir, Lissagriffin Lake, Reenydonegan Lake, Rosscarbery, Rostellan, Rostellan/Whitegate, The Gearagh, Timoleague, Whitegate/Rostellan.

All records between September and April except one long staying bird at Inchydoney from 28th June 2002 until 7th Janury 2003.

Distribution: Breeds mainly in northwest and central North America and winters in southern North America, the Carribbean and Central America. (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)

Gadwall Anas strepera
Scarce winter visitor away from the east Cork strongholds, where common. Rare in summer. Has been known to breed.
Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
Common winter visitor throughout the area, scarce in summer. Rare breeder. Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

Green-winged Teal Anas crecca carolinensis
Rare vagrant.

A total of 54 records involving 50 individuals up to the end of 1999 when the species was removed from the IRBC rarities list. The first county record was in Midleton in 1968, some records involving the same individual.

Analysis of these records show the following:

Birds were seen at the following locations: Ballintubbrid/Saleen, Ballycotton, Ballymacoda, Belgooly, Carrigadrohid, Charleville Lagoons, Clonakilty, Coachford, Douglas Estuary, Illen Estuary, Glounthaune, Inchydoney, Inishbeg, Kilbrittain Creek,
Kilcolman NNR, Lee Reservoir, Lough Beg, Marino Point (Cobh), Midleton, Rathcoursey, Rosscarbery, The Gearagh.

All birds identified were male, females being impossible to seperate from our Teal.

Seen almost annually and recorded in all months except June, August and September with most seen from November to February.

Distribution: Breeds in northern North America and winters in southern North America. (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Common resident breeding species, found on most waterways. Summer Distribution Winter Distribution

American Black Duck Anas rubripes
Rare vagrant
Five county records up to the end of 2014.

2013 Mizen head and Crookhaven, two males, 7th to 9th March.
2006 Kilcolman NNR, adult male, 4th March to 7th May.
1995 Lissagriffin, one from 19th August to 12th October, presumed returning individual.
1994 Lissagriffin, 3rd September to mid-October.
1994 Kinsale Marsh, male, 13th March.
1993 Ballycotton, male, 26th to 28th January; same, Loughaderry, 30th January to 15th March.

Distribution: Breeds mainly in northeastern North American and winters in southeastern North America. (Cornell Lab of Ornitholgy)

Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Local & uncommon winter visitor. Winter Distribution

Distribution: a widespread breeder in much of northern and parts of central Europe, which accounts for less than a quarter of its global breeding range. (Birdlife International)

Garganey Anas querquedula
Scarce passage migrant.

At least 108 birds recorded in the county up to 2006. A few winter records in recent years, reflecting a national trend.

Analysis of records up to the end of 1993 when this species was removed from the IRBC rarities list showed the following:

Birds were seen at the following locations: Ballycotton, Ballylickey, Ballymacoda, Ballymona, Cape Clear Island, Castle Richard, Charleville Lagoons, Cobh, Douglas Estuary, Garretstown, Kilcolman NNR, Kinsale, Lissagriffin,
Lough Beg, Midleton, Rosscarbery, Rostellan, Whitegate.

Most records were of single males with the highest count being six at Ballycotton in August 1968. Most were only seen on one day.

Recorded in all months of the year except July up to the end of 1993 with most records in Aprl/May and August/September.

Distribution: a widespread summer visitor to much of Europe, which accounts for less than half of its global breeding range. (Birdlife International)

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors
Rare vagrant.
17 county records up to the end of 2014.

2014 Beamish's Pool, Clonakilty, one on the 27th May.
2013 Ballycotton, one from the 20th to 22nd October.
2011 Ballycotton, juvenile, 29th October.
2010 The Gearagh, 1st Winter/Female, 19th September.
2010 Courtmacsherry, 26th September.
1999 Crookhaven, first-year male, 3rd to 17th October.
1995 Cork/Limerick - Charleville Lagoons, male, 27th December to 2nd January 1996.
1995 Ballyhonock Lake, female, 16th November.
1995 Ballymacoda, male and female, 26th February.
1990 Ballymacoda, adult male, 16th November to 27th January 1991.
1988 Kinsale Marsh, male, 7th to 8th May.
1986 Cape Clear Island, female or immature, 25th September to 14th October.
1985 Clonakilty, female, 23rd September.
1975 Passage West Reservoir, shot, 5th October.
1955 Corran Lake, near Leap, first-winter female, shot, November, now at National Museum, Dublin.
1950 Garryvoe, adult female, shot, 12th December.
1910 Ballycotton, immature female, shot, 9th September, now at Nat.Museum, Dublin.A. R. Nichols, Irish Naturalist          20: 16

Distribution: Breeds in central and northern North America and winters southern North America, Central America, the Carribbeen and northern South America. (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Locally common in winter, scarce in summer. Has been known to breed in small numbers.
Summer Distribution Winter Distribution